a) Board Charter
b) Terms of Reference of
    Audit Committee

c) Terms of Reference of
    Nomination Committee

d) Terms of Reference of
  Remuneration Committee

e) Code of Conduct
    And Ethics

f) Whistleblowing Policies
    and Procedures

g) Anti-Corruption Policies
    and Procedures

h) Shareholder
    Communication Policy

i) Remuneration Policy
   and Procedures

j) Policies and Procedures
   to Assess the Suitability
   and Independence of
   External Auditors

k) Extract Minutes of
   General Meetings

Board Charter


The Board of Directors (“the Board”) of Paos Holdings Berhad (“the Company”) is accountable and responsible for the performance and affairs of the Company and its subsidiaries (collectively “Group”). The Board is to ensure the maximization of shareholders’ value and safeguarding the stakeholders’ interests and thus all Board members are expected to show good stewardship and act in a professional manner, as well as upholding the core values of integrity and enterprise with due regard to their fiduciary duties and responsibilities.

The Board Charter sets out the composition, roles, responsibilities, operations and processes of the Board and is to ensure that all Board members are acting on behalf of the Company and are aware that their duties and responsibilities are towards the best interest of the Group.

This Board Charter would act as a source reference and primary induction literature to provide insights to prospective Board members and senior management. In addition, it will assist the Board in the assessment of its own performance and that of its individual Directors.



2.1 Board Membership Guideline

2.1.1 Composition

The number of Directors shall not be less than 2 but not more than 20 as set out in the Articles of Association of the Company. At any one time, at least 2 or 1/3 of the Board members are Independent Directors. The composition and size of the Board are reviewed from time to time to ensure its appropriateness.

2.1.2 Appointments and Re-election

The appointment of a new Director is a matter for consideration and decision by the full Board upon the recommendation of the Nomination Committee (“NC”) which the candidates may identify from existing board members, management, major shareholders or independent sources. In making these recommendations, the NC will consider the required mix of skills, knowledge, experience, independent elements and diversity, including gender, where appropriate, which the Director brings to the Board.

The Articles of Association of the Company provides that every newly appointed Director be subjected to re-election at the immediate Annual General Meeting (“AGM”). Further, one third (1/3) of the Board shall retire from office and be eligible for re- election at every AGM, and all the Directors shall submit themselves for re-election at least every three (3) years.

2.1.3 Independence

An Independent Director is independent of management and free of any significant business or other relationships that could materially interfere with, or could reasonably be perceived to materially interfere with, the exercise of their unfettered and independent judgment, and who otherwise meet the criteria for independence.

The Independent Directors provide independent judgment, experience and objectivity without being subordinated to operational considerations. They help to ensure that the interests of all shareholders are indeed taken into account by the Board and that the relevant issues are subjected to objective and impartial consideration by the Board.

The Board assesses the independence of the Independent Directors annually by taking into consideration of their disclosed interests and having regard to the criteria for assessing the independence of Directors under the annual Board Assessment. A separate assessment for Independent Directors is also undertaken when any new interest or relationships develops.

The tenure of an Independent Director shall not exceed a cumulative term of nine (9) years. Upon completion of the 9 years, an Independent Director may continue to serve on the Board subject to the Director’s designation as a Non-Independent Director. Otherwise, the Board must justify and seek shareholders’ approval at the Company’s Annual General Meeting in the event it retains the Director as an Independent Director.

2.1.4 New Directorship

All Board members shall notify the Chairman of the Board before accepting any new directorship. The notification shall include an indication of time that will be spent on the new appointment. The Chairman shall also notify the Board if he has any new directorship or significant commitments outside the Company.


2.2 Board Role

2.2.1 Duties and Responsibilities

The Board assumes, amongst others, the following duties and responsibilities:-

  1. promote good corporate governance culture within the Company and its subsidiaries (“the Group”) which reinforces ethical, prudent and professional behavior;
  2. review and adopt the overall strategic plans and programmes for the Group; and ensure that the strategic plan supports long term value creation and includes strategies on economic, environmental and social considerations underpinning sustainability;
  3. oversee and evaluate the conduct of business of the Group which includes supervision and assessment of Management’s performance to determine whether the business is properly being managed;
  4. ensure there is a sound framework for internal controls and risk management;
  5. understand the principal risks of the Group, set the risk appetite within which Management is expected to operate and ensure there is an appropriate risk management framework, to identify, analyse, manage and monitor significant risks including corruption risk management;
  6. ?ensure the senior management has the necessary skills and experience, and there are measures in place to provide for the orderly succession of the Board and senior management;
  7. ensure the Company has in place procedures to enable effective communication with stakeholders; and
  8. review the adequacy and the integrity of the financial and non-financial reporting of the Group.

2.2.2 Matters Reserved for the Board

The following are matters which are specifically reserved for the Board:-

  1. Approval of major corporate plans, policies and programmes;
  2. Approval of major capital commitments;
  3. Approval of new ventures;
  4. Approval of material acquisitions and disposals of undertakings and properties;
  5. Changes to the management and control structure within the Company and its subsidiaries (“the Group”), including key policies, delegated authority limits;
  6. Appointment and removal of Director;
  7. Establishment of Board Committees;
  8. Appointment and removal of Secretary;
  9. Remuneration of Directors’ fee for Non-Executive Director;
  10. Executive Directors’ Remuneration packages;
  11. The Company’s material communications to the public and/or shareholders, including Press Releases, Announcements, Annual Reports, Letters, Circulars, and the Group’s policies and commitments on anti-corruption;
  12. Any matter for which Board approval is required by law as specified in the MMLR, guidelines of the Securities Commission, the Companies Act 2016, the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance, Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 (Act 694) and any other relevant authority;
  13. The Group’s general stance against corrupt practices in relation to its business activities; and
  14. The Group’s anti-corruption compliances and the monitoring of anti-compliance initiatives throughout the Group.


2.3 Role of Chairman

The Chairman is responsible for the leadership, effectiveness, conduct and governance of the Board.

The responsibilities of the Chairman, amongst others, are as follows:-

  1. Leading the Board in establishing and monitoring good corporate governance practices in Company;
  2. Leading the Board and ensuring its effectiveness of all aspects of its role;
  3. Managing the interface between Board and Management;
  4. Facilitating the effective contribution of all Directors at Board meetings;
  5. Encouraging active participation and allowing dissenting views to be freely expressed;
  6. Promoting constructive and respectful relations between Directors, and between the Board and Management;
  7. Setting the board agenda and ensuring that board members receive complete and accurate information in a timely manner; and
  8. Ensuring appropriate steps are taken to provide effective communication with shareholders and that their view are communicated to the Board as a whole.


2.4 Role of Chief Executive Officer

The Chief Executive Officer has overall responsibility for the day-to-day management of the business and implementation of the Board’s policies and decisions. Chief Executive Officer is responsible to ensure due execution of strategic goals, effective operation within the Company, and to explain, clarify and inform the Board on matters pertaining to the Group.

  1. Developing the strategic direction of the Group;
  2. Ensuring that the Group’s strategies and corporate policies are effectively implemented;
  3. Ensuring that Board decisions are implemented and board directions are adhered to;
  4. Ensuring the efficiency and effectiveness of the operation for the Group;
  5. Assessing business opportunities which are of potential benefit to the Group; and
  6. Bringing material and other relevant matters to the attention of the Board in an accurate and timely manner.


2.5 Board Committees

The Board may from time to time establish Committees as is considered appropriate to assist in carrying out its duties and responsibilities. The Board delegates certain functions to the following Committees to assist in the execution of its responsibilities:-

(1) Audit Committee;
(2) Nomination Committee;
(3) Remuneration Committee; and
(4) Investment Committee

The Committees shall operate under clearly defined terms of reference. The Committees are authorized by the Board to deal with and to deliberate on matters delegated to them within their terms of reference. The Chairman of the respective Committees reports to the Board on the outcome of the Committee meetings.

The Board shall at all time exercise collective oversight of the Committees and Management and would not delegate matters to the Committees or Management to an extent that would significantly hinder or reduce the Board’s ability to discharge its functions. Regular reviews on the roles and responsibilities of the Committee would be conducted, when the need arises, to ensure that the Company is able to adapt to changing business circumstances.


2.6 Board and Board Committee Evaluation

The Board through the NC, shall undertake a formal and rigorous annual evaluation of its own performance and effectiveness, including the assessment on the Board as a whole, Board committees, individual committee members and individual Directors.

The Board assesses the independence of the Directors annually by taking into consideration of their disclosed interest and having regards to the criteria for assessing the independence of Directors through the Assessment of Independence of Independent Directors.

The NC and the Board will consider the assessment results from the annual evaluation to determine the re-election and/or re- appointment of Directors, as well as for further development of the Directors.
The Board evaluation shall be facilitated by a professional independent party as and when the Board deem necessary, in order to achieve a greater objectivity to the assessment by providing an unbiased perspective on a Director’s performance and contribution.


2.7 Board Meetings

The Board shall conduct at least four (4) scheduled meetings annually, with additional meetings to be convened as and when necessary.

A full agenda of the meeting and all Board papers, including complicated issues or specific matters, would be distributed in advance to ensure Directors are well informed and have the opportunity to seek additional information, and are able to obtain further clarification from the Company Secretary, should such a need arise. Where necessary, the services of other senior management or external consultants will be arranged to brief and help the Directors clear any doubt or concern.

The proceedings of all meetings will be minuted and signed by the Chairman of the meeting. Minutes of all Board meetings will be circulated to all Directors and approved by the Board at the subsequent meeting. Actions on all matters arising from any meeting shall be reported at the following meeting.
Directors’ Circular Resolutions signed by all the Directors shall be as valid and effectual as if the resolutions had been passed at the meeting of the Directors.


2.8 Financial Reporting

In presenting the annual financial statements and quarterly announcements to the shareholders, including other price sensitive public reports and reports submitted to regulators, the Board aims to present a balanced and understandable assessment of the Group’s position and prospects.

The Board ensures that the financial statements is prepared in accordance with the Companies Act and applicable approved accounting reporting standards, so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Group and the Company.


2.9 Directors’ Remuneration

The objectives of the Group’s policy on Directors’ remuneration are to ensure that the Group attracts and retains Directors of caliber and integrity to the run the Group successfully. The Executive Directors’ and senior management’s remuneration will be reviewed by Remuneration Committee annually and recommended for Board’s approval after taking into consideration all relevant factors including the function, workload, responsibilities, contribution and commitment of the Executive Directors and senior management.

In the case of the Non-Executive Directors, the level of remuneration reflects the contribution and level of responsibilities undertaken by the particular Non-Executive Director. The fee which is subject to the approval of the shareholders shall be fixed in sum and not by a commission or on percentage of profits/turnover.


2.10 Directors’ Training & Continuing Education

In addition to the Mandatory Accreditation Programme as required by the Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad (“Bursa Malaysia”), the Directors shall continue to update their knowledge and enhance their skills through appropriate continuing education programmes and life-long learning. This will enable Directors to effectively discharge duties and sustain active participation in the Board deliberations.



The appointment and removal of the Company Secretary or Secretaries shall be the prerogative of the Board.

The Company Secretary is responsible for ensuring that Board procedures are followed, that the applicable rules and regulations for the conduct of the affairs of the Board are complied with and for all matters associated with the maintenance of the Board or otherwise required for its efficient operation.



The Board shall place great importance in ensuring the high standards of transparency and accountability in its communication to shareholders, as well as to potential investors, analysts and the public. The shareholders shall be informed of all material matters affecting the Company and Group.

The ways of communication to shareholders and investors, amongst others, are as follows:-

  1. Timely announcements and disclosures made to the Bursa Malaysia, which includes quarterly financial results, material contract awarded, changes in the composition of the Group and any other material information that may affect investors’ decision making;
  2. Make available of the corporate information and/or disclosures of the Group for reference on the website; and
  3. Dialogues with financial analysts as a means of effective communication that enable the Board and Management to convey information relating to the Company’s performance, corporate strategy and other matters affecting shareholders’ interests as and when required.

The AGM is the principal forum for dialogue with shareholders. The Board also encourages shareholders to participate in the question and answer session at the AGM.



The Directors may access such information and seek such independent professional advice at the Company’s expense, as they individually or collectively consider necessary, to fulfill their responsibilities and permit independent judgment in decision making.



The Company Code of Conduct and Ethics (“the Code”) is to be observed by all Directors and employees of the Group. The Board will review the Code regularly to ensure that it continues to remain relevant and appropriate.



Any subsequent amendment to the Charter can only be approved by the Board. The Board Charter will be periodically reviewed and updated in accordance with the needs of the Company and any new regulations that may have an impact on the discharge of the Board’s responsibilities.